What is an ABA programme?
ABA programmes, sometimes referred to as Early Intensive Behavioural Intervention, VB therapy or similar are the use of ‘tools” which utilise the science of Behaviour Analysis and aim to bring about socially significant change. Some of the “tools” used in ABA programmes include: careful consideration and manipulation of reinforcement principles, analysis of verbal operants (Skinner, 1957) prompting, shaping, task analysis, chaining and functional assessment.
In ABA programmes the broad aim is to identify and understand a child’s skill deficits in areas such as communication, listener, play, imitation, social, academic, gross & fine motor skills and to teach these skills using ABA “tools” to lessen such deficits. While at the same time identifying behavioural excesses that can function as barriers to a child learning such as challenging behaviour, non- compliance and self- stimulatory behaviours and put strategies in to reduce such barriers.